Angelina

Is eating healthy a form of activism? It is for some. The British BPS posted an article about one such teen.

A quote from the original source:

Adolescents are sometimes characterized as concerned only with short-term selfish aims, but recent developmental science high- lights that this is a period of increased concern for social justice and beyond-the-self aims (15, 16). This phenomenon is instantiated by attraction to social movements such as vegetarianism or antiglobalization activism (17) and is tied to neural and endocrine system developments that heighten attention to unfairness (18) and create a greater concern for finding meaning in life (19). This attention to social justice often manifests as reactance against authorities (e.g., parents and teachers); adolescents are often highly motivated to avoid being seen as aligned with the interests of unjust adult authorities. But it can also manifest as a more general condemnation of societal unfairness and motivate prosocial action to address that unfairness (16). The opportunity to have a meaningful impact on the world beyond the self can create a powerful feeling of eudaimonic reward in the immediate term (15 – 17, 19).

Some thoughts on the research and the title of the article.

Looking at the study, 75% of subjects in the treatment group chose a sugary drink (control: 82%) the day after the intervention. So only a very small minority made a different choice (7%), compared to control. This pretty much invalidates the title: "Teens reject junk food when healthy eating is framed as rebellion".

Also, since the study only tested choices 1 day post-treatment, we don't know anything about long-term effects. What are their choices 1 week after the intervention? 1 month? 1 year? Do they need to be reminded in frequent intervals for the treatment to work?

What about contexts outside of school?

The title is consistent with the results of the paper. It's better to look at the statistical significance, rather than raw percentage, which actually isn't all that useful as a metric of significant difference. From the paper:

Adolescents chose fewer junk food options in the exposé condition than in the control: MControl = 2.30, SD = 0.79; MExposé = 2.13, SD = 0.85; ordered logistic regression, χ2(1) = 5.34, P = 0.020, d = 0.22

It was a significant difference. Meaning the experimental group was significantly less likely to choose junk food options compared to the control group. You can argue about the effect size if you want, but you can't simply say the title has been invalidated, full stop.

I actually kind of feel like eating healthy is much more 'chic' and fashionable than it was maybe 10 years or so ago.

So instead of rebelling like teens would, young adults make themselves appear more sophisticated by their well-informed food choices. Just look at how much people love avocados now. Or how many healthy meals are posted to Instagram. I think because eating well makes you look attractive (thin, healthy skin, etc) its the natural leap to think that healthy food is sexy food.

So it manifests differently in adults, but still follows the same sort of path, I think.

Angelina

These are so good, and so easy to make. Take 1-1/2 red or white potatoes 1/4 tsp garlic powder 1/4 tsp ground cumin 2 tbs olive oil 2 tbs butter Salt and pepper to taste 1-2 cups of velveeta cheese 1/4 cup salsa Sour cream Taco sauce Green onion

Take cubed potatoes put them into a bag with the cumin and garlic powder, mix them up. Get a frying pan, put the olive oil and butter in.

Fry the potatoes until golden brown, salt and pepper to taste. Preheat oven to 475, put the potatoes on baking sheet for 10 minutes. Cut the velveeta into cubes, put into a bowl with the salsa, microwave for 2 minutes, then stir and put back in for another 2 minutes.

Put the potatoes in a bowl, garnish with the sour cream, cheese sauce and taco sauce.

Angelina

So I was discussing the topic of beer batter (onion rings) with my sister who thought that it was still "beer."

In the US children and teenagers are allowed to eat food prepared using alcoholic beverages. This means beer-battered fried stuff, sausages boiled in beer, sauces that are deglazed with wine or cognac, BBQ sauce that uses beer or whiskey, etc.

Beer breading, for example, basically mean just dipping or rubbing the meat with beer used to get flour or bread crumbs to stick to the meat.

Batter is a mix of liquid and flour (and other herbs/spices) that makes a thick paste that you coat your meat or fish in before frying.

Technically, there is still often some alcohol in the resulting food, but our culture doesn't seem to find it problematic.

It's not like a drop of alchohol will strike dead a 17-year-old, it's that we've generally decided children shouldn't partake alcohol. In small quantities, it's fine. In many European countries, children grow up drinking small amounts of watered down wine. In the US, we take a harder line when it comes to beverages, but are more moderate about food containing alcohol.

I have heard that as long as non-alcoholic beer is below a certain percentage of alcohol, it can be sold to minors legally, I am not sure on that, but I do know that even non-alcholic beer has a minor amount in it. Anything above that percentage is not considered non-alcoholic.

A lot of the alcohol in the beer is burned away, like wine steak sauce, while it is being cooked the alcoholic flavor still remains but not much of the actual substance.

Angelina

I like to eat them for the nostalgic! Actually, I always preferred those octagonal "Mexican" pizzas*. It looks like Gordon Food Service sells them which makes me dream of high school days.

To me, the closest thing to school pizza to me is Ellio's, which I can't always find in my grocery stores' freezer aisles.

For a more generic, not so cafetreia pizza I like Schwan's is the vendor for this. They own a number of names (Tony's, Red Baron's) so it's easy to find in the supermarket.

*However, they only sell them in packs of 96! Plus I saw on their site that they will be switching to triangles.